The primary intention of this study was to understand the effect of CAD within the design process of Architecture students, in parallel with analogue methods. The full design processes of 16 students were analysed and assessed for all activities (CAD and analogue) used during a 9-month design project. From these 16 students the patterns of CAD activities, in parallel within analogue activities, were mapped to create design process timelines for each individual student, indicating ‘when’ CAD and analogue activities took place on a month-by-month basis, and during ’what’ stages of the design process. Associated interviews with each student undertaken throughout the design process were assessed. Prior to this research, the review of existing literature indicated that no studies have been undertaken that mapped and analysed the design process through the assessment of both analogue and CAD methods, considering a holistic analysis that considers when and why CAD is used, during what stages of their design enquiry, in parallel with current analogue methods, and how students move between these methods throughout the design process. As a result of the understanding gained through the analysis presented within this research, the study is able to present a digital framework to support the delivery of CAD within the architecture design studio within higher education. The framework addresses the current lack of guidance around the delivery of CAD within architectural education, and a lack of understanding by educators on how it should be taught and supported.
David Norton qualified as an Architect at Newcastle School of Architecture, gaining a First Class Degree with one of the highest grades awarded in the history of the School. His research into Digital Praxis in architectural design has led him to becoming guest speaker and keynote speaker at National, International Conferences and European Summits. He is also visiting Professor at L’école d’ingénieurs El.Cesi, Paris and Visiting Professor Formación y Consultoría BIM, Barcelona. David won the ‘Best Lecturer’ Award at Northumbria University at the Student Led Teaching Awards 2016. David is a founding me.
James Charlton research is focused on Building Information Modelling, 3D visualisation and performance analysis within Architecture. These skills were developed throughout his PhD, during which I gained knowledge in a wide range of analytical software applicable to the subject area of architectural and built environment visualisation. James has led and supported numerous high impact enterprise and research projects ranging from performance analysis and visualisation within architecture and urban design, to data management and utilisation within the fields of BIM and smart cities.