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Cultures, Communities and Design

Revisiting the notion of landscape in Landscape Architecture
J. Majgaard Krarup
1:30 pm - 3:00 pm


This paper takes point of departure in how ideas on nature and landscape conditioned by urban life and urbanity have created a distance to the rural landscape as an integrated part of the urban realm and urban life. This distance is historically reproduced in the landscape architectural discipline. Climate changes, and the biodiversity crisis raises questions on whether it is time for the landscape architectural discipline to reconsider its epistemological background, and its categorizations, i.e., landscape as an aesthetic category, for the discipline to reformulate its relationship with nature and landscape, and to land on Earth, as Bruno Latour suggest. Landscape as an aesthetic category presupposes a distance to the land as a living and working place and the discipline has historically been occupied with formal aesthetics. A way to reformulate the relationship with nature and with other understandings of landscape is discussed by exploring and discussing potentials in other notions of aesthetics than the formal aesthetics. The discussion is set by Emanuele Coccia’s idea on the image as the aesthetic experience (Sensible Life. A Micro-ontology of the Image 2016) and Harmut Rosa’s exploration on the concept of resonance (Resonance. A Sociology of Our Relationship to the World 2016/2019) To put the theoretical discussion into perspective, landscape architectural projects conditioned by sensible and biodiversity qualities and aims within the organic materials themselves are discussed as an example of how the design process may be guided by other ideas and notions on nature and the aesthetic experience than the ones traditionally seen in landscape architectural projects. The aim is to explore possible ways for the landscape architectural discipline to reformulate its, 1. historical understanding of aesthetics 2. and thus to reformulate its relationship with other notions of nature and landscape beyond the historical notion of landscape as an aesthetic category



Jonna Majgaard Krarup holds a master in Architecture and Landscaping (School of Architecture, Aarhus 1988) and Doctor in Landscape Aesthetics (School of Architecture, Aarhus 2003). Jonna Majgaard Krarup is Associate Professor at the Royal Academy, Architecture, Design and Conservation in Copenhagen, Denmark. After twelve years of professional practice as a landscape architect she returned to academia and joined the Royal Academy in 2005 as a researcher, where she has been director of the Urban Planning Institute and the Public Space Research Center (KglAkademi / Realdania). At present, her research focuses on the consequences (theoretical and methodological) of the philosophical ideas and theory, and aesthetics of the Post-Anthropocene on Landscape Architecture. She gives pre- and postgraduate courses within the field of landscape architecture, urban space, and urbanity. She has been a visiting professor at various universities in Italy, Sweden, and China.