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Cultures, Communities and Design

Changing Physical and Societal Landscape in the New Normal: An Analysis Amidst Pandemics
T. Tapiador-Sagadraca


The COVID-19 tremendously changed the socio-cultural-eco-political terrain of the world without exception. These changes are media-mirrored using primary source data across the history of the Philippines, a developing country in Asia and a melting pot of international entrepreneurs. Evolving physical and societal landscape from the Spanish-colonized Philippines to the Era of Glass Generation is analyzed in the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2017–2022. Implications of Filipino praxis on socio-cultural-economic-political changes, based on Expanded Urban Planning Framework, will be vividly described using the City Development Strategy (CDS). CDS 1: Preparatory Activities for the Expansion of the CDS Program in the Philippines; CDS 2: Upscaling Poverty-Focused CDS; and CDS 3: An Enabling Platform for Good Governance and Improving Service Delivery. The Filipino and international entrepreneurs’ existing culture on the ground, both in the national and localized urban-architectural development plan, will show the gaps and prospects. Thus, a call for updating curricular offerings is highly recommended to the higher institute of learning stakeholders of government and private schools, community colleges, and universities in this time of new normal.


Professor Tessie Tapiador-Sagadraca has been an expert facilitator of the learning process, curriculum designer, implementer and evaluator, educational researcher, writer, lecturer, and presenter in the Philippines, Japan, China, and Harvard University, Unites States for more than two decades. Adept author and in-charge process facilitator of various training and strategic programs for government and private institutions. She finished her Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy in Curriculum, Design, Development, and Supervision at St. Paul University Manila, Philippines. Some of her written books and article journals entitled: Learners Empowerment in Assessment and Performance (LEAP); Outcomes-Based Education Learner-Sensitive Approach (OBELSA); Community Journey: Building Hopes, Building Nation; Educational Technology in Cooperative Learning: Implications in the Technological Society published by Quality Teacher Educational Magazine; and Context Developer of University of Makati Senior High School textbooks since December 2011. Her international and local volunteer works include Holy Trinity Home for the Children, Asian Council for People’s Culture, and the Philippine Council for Non-Governmental Organizations Certification. Currently, she is a visiting lecturer at Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang, China, and the Education Consultant to Canada Famous Maple International Education Group (CFMIEG, Inc.) while serving the University of Makati as full-time faculty for 23 years.