. Infratecture: Exploring the urban and architectural design...A Decolonial Vision of Cities, Rural Areas, and Life A Material Return to Gendered Labor in Modern Architecture v...A New Suburbia in a post-COVID World?A Tour of the Monuments of Jinwen Train line: Infrastructura...Alternative housing models in action. Public-community ecosy...Architectural Investigation of Urban Villages in Shenzhen an...Architecture, technology and the environment: proposals for ...Balancing ACT: transgressing boundaries, asserting community...Biomimicry Thinking: fostering quality of life and sustainab...Changing landscapes and places in fluxChanging Physical and Societal Landscape in the New Normal: ...Cities without Country: High-density urban agriculture and t...Co-creating with design Urban-Rural food systems for sustain...Colonizing the harbour - The role of architecture in creatin...Colour seduction: Foster Associates strategies for architect...Concept of Garden city in Wrocław (Breslau) after World War...Counterculture Countryside: Unveiling Stories of a Fallen Oh...Covid Distancing and its Effect on Shared Mental Models & ZP...Defining Wilderness: The Evolving Boundaries of Banff Nation...Designing for Sustainable Community Transformation: Age-Frie...Designing in the Anthropocene. How living and designing with...Designing Virtual Cultural Memories for Asian Cities: the Ca...Ecotopia – Architectural Ecotopes as an approach to combat...Ethics in the Outside between Transpacific Coastal Centres a...Expanding Service Learning Projects in Design Education Beyo...Exploration for an Inclusive approach for Historical Settlem...Factors Sustaining City’s Distinctiveness. Case Study Sura...Façade as Façade: Northern Ireland’s parallel realityFrom alternate realities, to the urban impossible: Drawing o...Greened Out: Exploring the understanding and effects of gree...Hunting the Kingfish: On Uncovering and Reclaiming Exurban Q...Indigenous Weaving Techniques in Shaping Building SkinsInfinite Space of the U.S. Interior Justice through (Re)Planting Aotearoa New Zealand’s Urban ...Keynote IntroductionKEYNOTE: Don’t be second hand American – build on Count...KEYNOTE: Ethical SpacesKEYNOTE: From Countryside to Country-sideMapping 18th-century London through Hogarthian ArtMapping Everyday Community Life in Exurban Areas around Toky...Mapping lifelines and tracing tendencies: how the design of ...Mapping of social initiatives as a model of local developmen...Memory, emotions and everyday heritage in good architectural...Micro Project - Macro Subjects: Waste and reuse as strategy ...Multicultural Design Projects and Openness to Diversity Multiculturalism in Public Transport HubsNarrative and Sustainability: An Interpretation and a Case S...Networks of Circular Economy Villages: Garden Cities for the...Neuro-Participatory Urbanism: Sensing Sentiments and Trackin...New communities and new values? Exploring the interplay betw...Non-urban zero emission neighbourhoods: Two cases from Norwa...(Not Just) Another Roadside Attraction: Documenting Roadside...Participatory methodology for the inventory of Intangible Cu...Pedagogy of Integration of L+Arch. The Last Pristine Place i...Poipoia te Kākano, Kia Puāwai – Enabling Māori communit...Protecting, Integrating & Allocating Agriculture in Urban De...Reflecting on the Urban and the Regional: Designing for a po...Resilient futures through collaborative teaching Revalue. Heritage as idea and project.Revisiting the notion of landscape in Landscape ArchitectureRings of Urban Informality – Manifestations, Typologies an...Rites and Myths. A new form of countryside regenerationRural Parks and the Urban Renaissance: Finding a Blueprint f...Rural Resourcefulness: Lessons from the American School Rurbanism or a transversal overlook in our territoriesSegregating the Suburbs: The History of the Ladera Housing C...Smudge, Prayer and SongSustainable Civil Infrastructure: A Historical Survey Teaching non-designers a designThe "K" shaped recovery: The impact of COVID 19 on housing i...The analysis of public space qualities in terms of flexibili...The Black Panthers, Rat Park, and Opioid Addiction – A Rur...The Cultural Capital of Urban MorphologyThe Garden in the Machine: new symbols of possibility for a ...The Influence and Importance of Sacred Places in Community A...The Life of the River: Currents and Torrents at the Edge of ...The Reach of a Morpho-Topical ArchitectureThe street, the place where the life is. A rudofskian though...The sustainability of urban ruins—Shougang Group industria...The World Park and the CountrysideUrban CatalystsUrban Design Projects for University CampusUrban Protected Areas – between cities and rural hinterlan...Urban Revitalization –Defragmenting the Lahore CanalValue-Inclusive Design for Socially Equitable Communities Virtual Tourism relocation (VTr) - to experience the lost, t...Welcome & IntroductionWelcome and IntroductionWhat does it mean to see cows grazing in American cities? Wild Ways – A scoping review of literature on understandin...

Cultures, Communities and Design

The "K" shaped recovery: The impact of COVID 19 on housing in NZ
L. Murphy & T. Quilty


Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, New Zealand has pursued a Covid-19 elimination strategy of stringent public health measures, including strict lockdowns; managed quarantine requirements, testing, contact tracing, social distancing, vaccination and ongoing travel restrictions. This strategy has enabled New Zealand to effectively manage community transmission of COVID-19 with very few infections and deaths compared to the rest of the world. The New Zealand government has supported the economy through a combination of measures to facilitate a quick post-Covid economic recovery. These measures include a NZ$50 billion pandemic response package, record-low borrowing rates, mortgage payment holidays for homeowners and a NZ$100 billion quantitative easing programme – printing money to buy back government bonds (Georgeou & Hawksley, 2020). This economic strategy has saved jobs but significantly increased housing affordability. Cheaper mortgages have allowed the wealthier populationto build up portfolios of rental investment properties. In contrast, rapidly rising house prices have locked out first home buyers and low-income earners. Rents have also increased, spurred by the housing shortage and growing population. New Zealand now tops the list for the most unaffordable housing among OECD nations. While the Government has spent substantial amounts on short term emergency accommodation for the poor, it has directed very little into building permanent new homes. Statistics New Zealand (2020) report significant building issues fueled by Covid19 related shortages of labour and building supplies and decreased productivity to lockdowns. Motels are often used as emergency housing, although critics of this practice regard them as unsafe and unsanitary. Patterson (2021) reports the experiences of those in emergency accommodation as intimidating and terrifying, with young families living next to gang members. Due to limited resources, support services though needed, are seldom provided. Violence and crime are common. The long-term physical and psychological toll of living in this environment is yet to be fully quantified.


Lyn Murphy has a diverse academic background in education, health, psychology, management, and accounting and brings over 25 years of experience as an academic. She has served on several New Zealand boards, including local body and government directorships. Lyn currently works as a senior lecturer in Public Health at AUT University in Auckland, New Zealand. She is also a director for Ember Services Limited, which delivers government contracts to provide quality housing and support services for those with mental health, addiction and intellectual disability.

Terry Quilty started in management Roles in Steel Industry (Line management) and then to Senior Administrative Roles in Legal, Commercial in Steel Industry and legal roles in the tourism sector. Terry has a diverse range of skills, including legal, commercial/business, project management, construction, CAD design, and various practical skills in building and engineering. Terry has been lecturing for over 25 years and is currently a senior lecturer in law, business planning, entrepreneurship and sustainability at Manukau Institute of Technology in Auckland, New Zealand. He is presently a Trustee/Board member of the Community Law Services South Trust and Chair of the finance risk and audit committee of New Zealand’s largest community law service.