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Cultures, Communities and Design

The street, the place where the life is. A rudofskian thought about the Mediterranean influence on the city, the street and the society
M. Merino
1:30 pm - 3:00 pm


From the establishment of the cardō and decumānus as the principal route of the first urban organization, the build environment has been thought as a group of full and empty, open and close spaces. In this group of structures, the street has been constituted a very important place for the society that live in it. About several authors who have researched about the city, Bernard Rudofsky has considered the street as the element of the city able to differentiate the essence which define it, place value on the cultural inheritance from the Mediterranean environment; a cultural context where the relationship between the rural, the urban and the life style establish the most characteristic essence of the place. To Rudofsky, it is this Mediterranean culture from the bases of the use of the street as an extension of the domestic space; the place of the scenery for the daily life. Inside of this thoughts about the street and its use, Rudofsky has established a permanent comparative with the society which has been the worse who represent this symbiosis between inhabitant-city; the American society. Take as a reference his work, Streets For People, it is possible establish these basics questions which make the Mediterranean Street, the best example of the relationship between society and the urban space. But, Which are the subjects or characteristics that make the Mediterranean street a referent? This paper it will search to reveal theses bases that make the Mediterranean a vernacular referent through which Bernard Rudofsky understood the city and the relationship with the inhabitant. Thoughts share with several scholars who analyzed the urbanism of the cities with the society in the center. Practices which have allowed come back to consider a urbanism aware with the society, able to keep the sustainable strategies for the contemporary city.


Marcos Merino is an architect by the High Technical School of Architecture of the University of Seville from 2016. PhD student in Architecture in the University of Seville, current, combine the professional dedication in architecture with the research field exploring the world of Bernard Rudofsky, specifically focusing on his vernacular references and the interpretation of the vernacular architecture in relationship with the history of architecture and the society. During the university period, Marcos has been Intern Student in departments as the Department of Architectural Construction and the Department of History, Theory and Architectural Composition as well as a Honorary Assistant in the this last department; always collaboration in task of teaching and research support. After getting the architect tittle, Marcos went to London to collaborate with a few architectural and landscape studios until the moment when get a place as Young Personal Research in the Programme of Youth Guarantee by European Funds for a whole year. After these contact with the research environment, he decided to be part of the scholar environment and work on the process to research for a PhD in Architecture in terms to know about the past to contribute in the present.