The design and construction of buildings is responsible for 40% of the EU’s energy use with an associated 36% CO2 emissions, significantly contributing to the current climate crisis. Thus, the EU is aiming for climate neutrality by 2050, but to avoid exacerbated damage, climate justice and other related crises we need to achieve this much sooner. As part of these commitments, all new buildings in the EU have to be designed and build to be nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) from 2020, and existing buildings no later than 2050. Yet in architectural education a significant knowledge, skills and competencies gap exists for both students and educators concerning ‘climate change’ required to achieve these ambitious climate goals in practice. This is regarded as one of the biggest challenges in the construction industry. Hence, over 4000 architects in 18 countries have declared ‘a biodiversity and climate emergency’ with over 2500 architecture students and teachers globally signing the ‘architecture education declares’ action with a ‘call for a curriculum change’ to be able to respond to climatic and ecological challenges. This paper, as part of the transnational ARCH4CHANGE EU Erasmus + funded project ‘Digital climate change curriculum for architectural education: methods towards carbon neutrality’ will present findings from a systematic literature review focusing on the barriers and gaps in architecture education alongside successful pedagogical methods illustrated by pedagogical experiments designed to meet this urgent challenge (including Virtual Design Studio and hybrid teaching).
Sarah O’Dwyer is an architect and educator whose PhD research focusses on sustainability and environmental design and its implementation in architectural education. She is a Senior Lecturer and Programme Leader at the Welsh School of Architecture and also teaches on the MArch programme at TU Dublin. She is also Chair of the RIAI Sustainability Taskforce. Susanna Hartikainen is a Project Researcher and doctoral student working in the PGL (Professional Growth and Learning) research group in the Faculty of Education and Culture, Tampere University, Finland. Her research interests include emotions and activating teaching methods (active learning) in engineering higher education, investigating what kind of student emotions are enhanced with activating teaching practices, and what is the role of those emotions in students’ active learning processes.
Elizabeth Donovan (she/her) is an educator, researcher and architect with a focus in holistic sustainable architecture, specialising broadly on the plethora of design approaches, history and theory, lexicon, and bridging discourse and practice within the field. She is passionate about making a difference through education and combines research and different pedagogies to ensure designing for the climate emergency is integrated in studio learning environments. She is currently an Assistant Professor in sustainable architecture at Aarhus School of Architecture in Denmark. Co-author of the forthcoming RIBA book ‘Designing for the Climate Emergency: a guide for architecture students (2022).
Sofie Pelsmakers is an environmental architect, educator and researcher. She is author of The Environmental Design Pocketbook, co-author of Energy | People | Buildings: Making Sustainable Architecture Work and co-guest editor of RIBA Design Studio Volume 1: Everything Needs to Change – Architecture and the Climate Emergency and co-author of the forthcoming RIBA book ‘Designing for the Climate Emergency: a guide for architecture students (2022). She is currently Associate Professor at Tampere University, Finland, where she teaches sustainable architecture and chairs the ASUTUT Sustainable Housing Design research group.
Raul Castano-Rosa is an interdisciplinary building engineer with a focus on sustainable, resilient and affordable architecture. Through his PhD, he developed a novel model to assess energy vulnerability based on the relationship between building performance and households’ quality of life. He is currently a postdoctoral researcher at Tampere University, Finland, where he teaches the importance of daylight to achieve sustainable, resilient and affordable architecture.
Caterina Morganti is a research fellow at the University of Bologna (UNIBO). PhD in Architecture and Design Cultures and Degree in Architecture and Building Engineering at UNIBO. She contributed in several research program about architectural drawing, representation and surveying. In particular, the research interests are directed at new digital detection and modeling techniques and their applications for the use, study and documentation of Cultural Heritage. She publishes papers on the abovementioned research fields and presents them in national and international congresses and workshops. Since 2017 she collaborates with the Department of Architecture of UNIBO, participating in research projects and scientific publications, and conducting teaching activities. Emma Geoghegan is an architect, urban designer, and educator with over 20 years professional practice experience. In parallel her research and teaching practice has been driven by a commitment to the social purpose of architecture and embedding collaborative inclusive design principles in architectural education. From 2017-2021 she was Programme Chair for the Bachelor of Architecture at TU Dublin and was recently appointed Assistant Head of School with responsibility for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in architecture. Emma is also currently Vice President of the Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland and a member of the RIAI Board of Architectural Education.
Essi Nisonen is a Research Assistant in Architecture passionate for asking questions and finding alternative approaches to things we consider self-evident. She wrote her Bachelor’s thesis on the social sustainability of two-room apartments built in 2020 in Tampere, and had the honour of receiving the award for the Best Bachelor’s Thesis in the Department of Architecture (TAU) for it. Besides sustainable housing, she is extremely passionate about envisioning holistically sustainable architecture education. In this respect, she teaches sustainable architecture at Tampere University, Finland.
Ioannis Lykouras, is an architect and visual artist with an engineering background based in Tallinn, Estonia. Since 2014 he is member of LÜNK arhitektid together with Üllar Ambos, Pille Noole and Kaisa Lasner. The office is tackling a wide variety of design tasks, from architecture to sculpture and from visualization to urban design. He is currently a Lecture at Tallinn University of Technology where he teaches architecture design and urban studies.
Jenni Poutanen is an educator, researcher and architect with a focus in architectural design (public and hybrid buildings). She is passionate about making a difference through education and combines research and different pedagogies to ensure designing for shared environments, activity-based environments, multifunctional and -locational spaces, adaptability and flexibility of use. She is currently University Instructor at Tampere University, Finland, where she teaches architecture design of public buildings.
Marco Bragadin is an Associate Professor of Building Production at the University of Bologna. He has been teaching at the University of Bologna since 1999 and he has been researcher and assistant professor at UNIBO from 2005 to 2020. He has carried out research in numerous areas of Building and Civil Engineering, especially focusing on Construction Management and Economics and Building Construction Technology. He teaches Building Site Organisation and Material and Technologies of Historic Building (in English).
Tahani Al Dahdouh is a Postdoctoral Researcher on the digitalization in higher education (Digipedagogiikan kehittäminen) project at Tampere University, Finland. Her research interests include innovativeness, digitalization and professional development in higher education.
Urszula Kozminska is an educator, researcher and architect with a focus in holistic sustainable architecture. She is currently an Assistant Professor in sustainable architecture at Aarhus School of Architecture in Denmark. Co-author of the forthcoming RIBA book ‘Designing for the Climate Emergency: a guide for architecture students (2022).