The disruption of Covid resulted in a radical alignment in the pedagogy of studio courses in university interior design education. Though physical distanced, interior design instructors adapted, including a shift in the virtual reality (VR) use in interior design studio critique, from VR headsets to 360-degree VR viewing, in attempt to fill the gap where the VR headset was removed. This abstract proposes a continuation of the research (Guevara, pending), where the previous research quantified the statistically significant difference between the perceived spatial presence of three virtual reality (VR) display formats, utilized in three undergraduate university programs: interior design, engineering manufacturing, and simulation animation. Spatial presence is defined, simply, as how present and immersed does one feel in a virtual environment? This proposed study would pick up where the previous study left off, by expanding the research twofold: 1.) to again use the VR evaluation tool, the Virtual Reality Spatial Presence Index (VRSPI; Guevara, et al., 2020), to define the perceived spatial presence (Wirth et al., 2003) of the VR display formats, from very strong to very weak; 2.) to evaluate the perceived gap between the interior design program VR display format utilized pre-Covid, and the VR display format utilized during the spring 2020 Covid shutdown of in person university instruction.
Dr. Diane Guevara brings interior design industry experience since 1993, with an emphasis in corporate interior design and has completed projects from 100 sq. ft. to 12,000 sq. ft. Since 2015, she has taught interior design courses at Eastern Michigan University, including Professional Practice, Portfolio Development, Internship, Studio V Corporate, Environmental Psychology, Evidence Based Design, Universal Design, and Interior Building Codes and ADA. Her current research is into the spatial presence capabilities of virtual reality and evidence-based design in healthcare interiors. Dr. Guevara holds a bachelor’s degree in Interior Design from West Virginia University (CIDA accredited) and a master’s degree in Interior Design Education from Eastern Michigan University. She defended her PhD dissertation and graduated in December 2019. Dr. Guevara has been certified with the National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) since October 2001, has been a LEED Green Associate since July 2015, and a WELL AP since June 2021. Interests and Expertise: • Analyzing work modes and workplace factors, planning, corporate culture, and designing corporate environment • Specialty in fit planning • Virtual reality display analysis based on the theoretical framework of the Model of Spatial Presence (MSP) • Virtual Reality Spatial Presence Index (VRSPI) • Evidence-based design data collection in healthcare interiors