The discussion about the digital source-based 3D reconstruction in recent years concerns scientific validation of the 3D models in the terms of scientific documentation and publication of the digital research data. Currently, published guidelines and principles cover only general approaches and do not reveal the answer to questions about how to give scientific meaning to the digital reconstruction of destroyed or never realized build cultural heritage. Against this background, the scientific methodology for digital reconstruction was proposed. The experience gained in accomplished reconstruction projects at the Hochschule Mainz reveal how to capture the process with special emphasis on scientific aspects like semantic division of the architecture, used historical sources or documentation templates. The development of the methodology was supported by researchers from the University of Bologna, who are concerned with the issue of uncertainty and how to implement the degree of hypothesis to the 3D visualization. The proposed methodology includes the documentation of the 3d model, in particular the metadata scheme as the core information carrier about the 3d data sets. The scheme was developed on the basis of analysis of metadata contained in the most popular repositories of 3D models from the commercial and institutional offer. The schema was transformed into a semantic data model OntSciDoc3D based on the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model ontology (ISO 21127:2014), enabling the understanding of the data contained in the 3d repository also for machines. The documentation also considers the possibility of automatization of the documentation process. Providing the identifiers from external databases will enable displaying data related to identifiers which will cause the repository to be considered as Linked (Open) Data. The methodology will be presented aganist the background of the 3d repository DFG 3D-Viewer (currently under development) corresponding the Good Research Practice provided by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Council). The features under development are conform to the proposed methodology and are promising according innovative infrastructure for the documentation and publication of scientific 3D reconstruction.
Igor Bajena is an architect specializing in the field of digital 3D reconstruction, documentation and visualization of cultural heritage. He studied architecture and urban planning at the Warsaw University of Technology and graduated in 2019 with a MSc in architecture on architectural heritage specialty. Since august 2019 he works as a research associate at the Institute of Architecture at the Hochschule Mainz – University of Applied Sciences in the field of digital reconstruction. Currently, he is starting his PhD at the University of Bologna in the topic of documentation and publication of digital reconstructions.
Piotr Kuroczyński (Prof. Dr.-Ing.) studied architecture at the Technische Universität Darmstadt. Since 2002 specialized in the field of digital 3D reconstruction, web-based documentation and visualization of Cultural Heritage. Since his PhD in Architecture in 2010 he is in teaching positions at the Warsaw University of Technology and the Technische Universität Darmstadt. Since 2014 he is co-founder and chairman of the Working Group Digital 3D-Reconstruction in the Association of Digital Humanities in German-speaking countries. Since 2017 he has been professor for Applied Computer Science and Visualization in Architecture at the Hochschule Mainz – University of Applied Sciences. Since 2018 he is head of the Institute of Architecture at the Hochschule Mainz and editor-in-chief of the book series Computing in Art and Architecture at the Heidelberg University Library.