Dams are the man-made structure which acts as a barrier for the natural flow of rivers, surface water or underground streams. These dams create reservoirs and not only help in flood management but also helps in managing the water resources for the communities in agriculture and farming, food production, water supply for drinking and household chores, sanitation and hygiene, etc. The dams have an average life expectancy of 100 years. Many dams in India have crossed their life expectancy and many others are there with a lot of pressure on the dam due to siltation and increased water volume during monsoons. As sediments are being collected in the reservoir of dams, the reservoir cannot hold as much water. It obstructs the surge control dam’s capacity to capture flood water effectively. So, it is felt much essential now to work out feasible arrangements and provide sustainable solutions for managing this volume and pressure discharge from dams. These dams cause many ill-effects to the environment like Habitat fragmentation, negative impact on water body on which it is built, decrease of ground water table, downstream sediment erosion and prove to be a risk to the environment and overall biosphere. This paper uses a detailed landscape assessment approach and identifies vulnerability of landscape of dams. Potential opportunities have been identified to restore its strength. Alternate strategies to dams have been proposed for storing and ensuring the availability of water through change in landscape measures.
Richa Raje is a Landscape Architect and an academician and has been associated with the Department of Landscape at School of Planning and Architecture Bhopal from past three years. Prior to this she has gathered field experience, while working with M/s Prabhakar B Bhagwat on various projects from inception to execution. Her area of focus lies in designing with plant material, site planning and design development for green areas. She is currently pursuing her research on outdoor thermal comfort using landscape strategies, designing outdoor play-spaces as learning environments and creating sustainable urban transformation model for redevelopment. She aims to bridge the gap between academic learning and the profession’s pragmatic constraints. Shreya Singh is a second-year student from Department of Landscape Architecture, from SPA Bhopal. She has completed her B.Arch from VSSUT, Burla, Odisha in 2020. She did her internship in Landscape Architecture from VSLA, Bangalore and as an intern at VSLA, she was basically involved in the Landscape research, site & planting studies. Apart from the research, a lot new opportunities were provided to her. Handling Part of Public Awareness campaign for the need for open space via open space collective was a great learning experience for her. She is a firm believer that whatever happens does so for the good. She always tries to create an amicable environment around her and she finds balance between things, situations and people easily. She is a keen lover of nature and has always wanted to learn about the whole landscape system.